Harassment and Discrimination at School
Those who expressed a transgender identity or gender non-conformity while in grades K-12 reported alarming rates of harassment (74%), physical assault (35%) and sexual violence (23%)
Harassment was so severe that it led 11% to leave a school in K-12 settings or leave higher education
Likely due to employment discrimination and discrimination in school, survey respondents experienced poverty and unemployment at higher rates than the general population:
- 9% of respondents had a household income of $10,000 or less, compared to 4% of the general population,1 which is almost twice the rate of poverty
- 10% were unemployed compared to 7% in the nation at the time of the survey 2
Housing Discrimination and Instability
Survey respondents experienced blatant housing discrimination, as well as housing instability, much of which appears to stem from the challenges they face in employment.
- 11% were denied a home/apartment
- 4% had become homeless because of their gender identity/expression
- 21% had to find temporary space to stay/sleep
- 19% had to move back in with family or friends
- 43% reported owning their home compared to 67% of the general U.S. population3
Harassment and Discrimination in Accommodations and Services
- 47% were verbally harassed or disrespected in a place of public accommodation or service, including hotels, restaurants, buses, airports and government agencies.
- 15% were denied equal treatment by a government agency or official
- 19% were denied equal treatment or harassed by judges or court officials.
- 19% of those who have interacted with police reported harassment by officers
- 37% reported being uncomfortable seeking police assistance
Health Care Discrimination and Health Outcomes
- 13% were refused medical care due to their gender identity/expression
- 19% postponed needed medical care, when they were sick or injured, due to discrimination
- Only 50% of the respondents had employer-based health insurance, compared to 59% of the general U.S. population at the time of the survey.4
- 28% reported attempting suicide at some point in their life, 18 times the rate of the general population of 1.6%5
Note: In the full report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, we found that discrimination was pervasive throughout the entire sample, yet the combination of anti-transgender bias and persistent, structural racism was especially devastating. One of our most important findings was that people of color in general fared worse than white participants across the board, with African American transgender respondents faring far worse than all others in nearly every area examined. Due to the sample size of respondents from this state, we were unable to break these state results down by race/ethnicity without creating small sample size problems. However, we expect that people of color in this state would exhibit the same national pattern.
In rememberance of all who have suffered pain from discrimination, join The LGBT Center of Hampton Roads as we host a candle light vigil for all those who have passed. For more details, click here.